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What are hammer toes?

This is demonstrable by a contracture of 1 or both joints at the 2nd, 3rd, 4th or 5th toes. Abnormal bending can put pressure on the toes especially with poor footwear.

Initially hammer toes can be flexible however if left untreated they can become rigid and will not respond to non-surgical treatment.

Because of the progressive nature of hammertoes, they should receive early attention. Hammertoes never get better without some kind of intervention.

The most common cause of hammertoe is a muscle/tendon imbalance. This imbalance, which leads to a bending of the toe, results from mechanical (structural) changes in the foot that occur over time in some people. Hammertoes may be aggravated by shoes that don’t fit properly.

Occasionally, hammertoe is the result of an earlier trauma to the toe. In some people, hammertoes are inherited.

Symptoms of this condition

  • Pain or irritation of the affected toe when wearing shoes.
  • Corns and calluses (a build up of skin) on the toe, between two toes, or on the ball of the foot
  • Inflammation, redness, or a burning sensation

  • Contracture of the toe
  • In more severe cases of hammertoe, open sores may form

Treatments we provide for hammer toes

  • Padding for any corns or calluses present over the hammer toes
  • Changes to footwear (avoiding pointy shoes or high heels)
  • Custom Made devices
  • Injection therapy where indicated
  • Splinting / strapping
  • Medications (non steroidal anti-inflammatories where indicated)

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