A claw toe is a lesser toe deformity with dorsiflexion (turning upwards) of the proximal (nearby) phalanx (bone) on the lesser metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint and concurrent flexion (turning downwards) of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) and distal interphalangeal (DIP) joints. So that it can be likened to the shape of a bird’s clawing shape.
Claw toes can hurt and also develop corns or calluses on the parts that stick up (from rubbing against shoes).
Although claw toes can be present from birth they can also develop following ankle surgery or ankle injuries or from nerve damage which can weaken the muscles and lead to imbalances.
In certain disorders such as diabetes, stroke, cerebral palsy, Rheumatoid arthritis, charcot-marie-tooth-disease claw toes can be observed.